BITTER LESSONS: Sailors Convicted of Sabotage Face Firing Squad (1953)


BITTER LESSONS: Sailors Convicted of Sabotage Face Firing Squad (1953)
by Darius Kadivar

Three Iranian sailors, convicted of trying to set fire to their warship Babr, Iran’s biggest fighting ship, face a firing squad in Khorramshahr (Oct 23rd, 1953)


PHOTO DESCRIPTION: Sailors Convicted of Sabotage Face Firing Squad (Khoramshahr, Naval Baracks, Oct 23rd, 1953)CAPTION : (NY7-Oct. 2 3) DEATH FOR IRANIAN SABOTEURS – Three Iranian sailors, convicted of trying to set fire to their warship Babr, Iran’s biggest fighting ship, face a firing squad in Khorramshahr naval barracks Tuesday. The Doomed men, from left, are Houshang Noosheh, who refused blindfold ; Jehangir Gorharbar ; and Ahmed Khairi. (APWirephoto via radio from Rome) (c60845r cal-rome) 53

Related Pictory:

pictory: Soviet Propaganda Film - Iran, Tabriz 1945-46








Ethel Greenglass Rosenberg (September 28, 1915 – June 19, 1953) and Julius Rosenberg (May 12, 1918 – June 19, 1953) were American Jewish communists who were convicted and executed in 1953 for conspiracy to commit espionage during a time of war. The charges related to their passing information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. This was the first execution of civilians for espionage in United States history. More Here

The Rosenberg's Appeal for Stay of Execution is Unsuccessful:






Shah of Iran on His Popularity amongst Iranians and on Capital Punishment (1974/75):

Shah of Iran in an interview with Mike Wallace speaks about his popularity amongst Iranians and that when capital punishment are carried out it concerns only those who according to him have committed ‘acts of treason’ against the country and not particularly because they are against him.

Interview with Dr Shapour Bakhtiar on Democracy in Iran:

Parisa Saed interview of Crown Prince Reza Pahlavi on how to boost Human Rights activism in the West regarding Iran, May 1993:




(From Feudalism to a Modern Accountable State)




Magna Carta is an English charter, originally issued in the year 1215, and reissued later in the 13th century in modified versions that omit certain temporary provisions, including the most direct challenges to the monarch's authority. The charter first passed into law in 1225. The 1297 version, with the long title (originally in Latin) The Great Charter of the Liberties of England, and of the Liberties of the Forest, still remains on the statute books of England and Wales. The 1215 Charter required King John of England to proclaim certain liberties, and accept that his will was not arbitrary, for example by explicitly accepting that no "freeman" (in the sense of non-serf) could be punished except through the law of the land, a right which is still in existence today. Magna Carta was the first document forced onto an English King by a group of his subjects (the barons) in an attempt to limit his powers by law and protect their privileges. It was preceded and directly influenced by the 1100 Charter of Liberties, when King Henry I had specified particular areas where his powers would be limited. Despite its recognised importance, by the second half of the 19th century nearly all of its clauses had been repealed in their original form.

Magna Carta 800th Anniversary on Nov 2010:

The 800th Anniversary of the Proclamation Ending Arbitrary Arrests and Torture

Liberty by Law - Freedom speech by Robin Hood :

A dialogue scene from the movie Robin Hood (Universal Studios 2010); Robin Hood lectures King John about empowering every man

Longer Version:


Quick Overview on the origins of the Magna Carta and the comparison with the Current Constitution of the United States edition of Mr. Zoller's social studies video podcasts

The British Constitution:

David Challice reminds us that there is a written British Constitution (although Debateable). He refers to the hisorical documents that contain it, including Magna Carta, the Bill of Rights, the Acts of Union and the Coronation Oath. In this age of eroded individual freedoms it is food for thought.

Recommended Reading Watching:

THE PAST IS A FOREIGN COUNTRY: How Would You Evaluate Iran's Democracy Index in 1953 ?

Isn't Calling for the Head of State's Death usually called "Treason"?

SEPARATIST TEMPTATIONS: Don't Let It Fool You ... Treason Exists ...

TREASON IS A MATTER OF DATES: Constitutionalist Response to a Jomhurykhah Query

Related Royal Accountability Blogs:

ROYAL ACCOUNTABILITY: Crown Prince Reza on Torture During His Father's Rule

ROYAL ACCOUNTABILITY: Crown Prince Reza Praises Mossadegh's Patriotism (ANDISHEH TV)

Crown Prince Reza on importance of "Checks and Balances" of future regime

ROYAL FORUM: Explaining the Concept of a Constitutional Monarchy to a Staunch Republican

Cyrus Amir-Mokri on Pros and Cons of 1906 Constitution

Constitutionalist Student Shares Views on the Pros and Cons of Reza Shah's Rule

Other Related "Constitutionalist" Blogs:

Political Pluralism and Freedom of Press in Pahlavi Iran

How Genuinely Democratic and Representative was the Parliament in Pahlavi Iran ?

CONSTITUTIONALIST FORUM: Daryoush Homayoun Political and Journalistic life Honored in Germany

HISTORY OF IDEAS: Constitutional Government In Locke's Second Treatise (Yale University)

Related "History of Violence" Blogs:

SAVAK DEMYSTIFIED: Former Officer Speaks on Shah's Notorious Secret Police

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: IRI's Reign of Terror Begins (BBC Report 1979)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Man Chased by Anti Shah Protestors During Shah's US Visit (1977)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE:Chemical Weapons Attack On Kurds (1988)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: First Assassination Attempt on Shapour Bakhtiar (1980)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE:US Shoots Down Civilian Iran Air Flight 655 (1988)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE:Iraq Chemical Weapons used against Iran (1984)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: MKO Highjack Boeing 747 with 200 hostages (1983)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Vendetta Against Anglican Bishop in Iran (1980)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Man Arrested For Being a SAVAK Agent (1979)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Shah's Generals Executed and Imperial Army Disintegrated (1979)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Manoucher AZEMOUN at Revolutionary court (1979)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Amir Abbas Entezam Chained to Hospital Bed (1990's)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Hadi Ghaffari executioner of Amir Abbas Hoveyda (1979)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Pulitzer Prize Photo of Rebels Executed by Iran's Revolutionaries (1979)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Shah of Iran wounded after Assassination Attempt (1949)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Rafsanjani speaks to Press from Hospital (1980)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Ahmad Kasravi and secretary assassinated (1946)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Prince Shahryar Shafiq (1945-1979)


more from Darius Kadivar

our own "Battleship Potemkin"

by Roozbeh_Gilani on

I had no idea about this. One of them even refused to be blindfolded facing the firing squad.... 

"Personal business must yield to collective interest."