pictory: Soviet Propaganda Film - Iran, Tabriz 1945-46


pictory: Soviet Propaganda Film - Iran, Tabriz 1945-46
by Darius Kadivar

During the three years of occupation, Stalin had expanded Soviet political influence in Azerbaijan and the Kurdish area in northwestern Iran. On December 12, 1945, after weeks of violent clashes a Soviet-backed separatist People's Republic of Azerbaijan was founded. The Kurdish People's Republic was also established in late 1945. Iranian government troops sent to reestablish control were blocked by Soviet Red Army units. When the deadline for withdrawal arrived on March 2, 1946, six months after the end of World War II hostilities, the British began to withdraw, but Moscow balked, "citing threats to Soviet security."

Soviet troops did not withdraw from Iran proper until May, 1946 after receiving a promise of petroleum concessions. The Soviet republics in the north were soon overthrown and the oil concessions were revoked. 


The Russian (Tsarist) army occupied Iranian Azerbaijan in 1909, and again in 1912-1914 and 1915-1918 period,the Ottoman forces occupied her in 1914-1915 and 1918-1919 periods, the Bolshevik forces occupied Iranian Azerbaijan and other parts of Iran in 1920-1921,[17] and the Soviet forces occupied Iranian Azerbaijan in 1941, createing a very short-lived autonomous, Soviet-supported state in May 1946, which was dissolved after reunification of Iranian Azerbaijan with Iran in November of the same year.[18] . Azerbaijani provinces have played a major in the cultural and economic life of Iran in both the Pahlavi era as well as the Islamic revolution.

Following Germany's invasion of the USSR in June 1941, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union became allies. Although a neutral nation, Reza Shah Pahlavi had brought Iran closer to Germany. This concerned the British who feared that the Abadan Oil Refinery, owned by the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, might fall into German hands — the refinery produced eight million tons of oil in 1940 and was thus a crucial part of the Allied war effort. For the Soviets, Iran was a country of extreme strategic importance. The German Army (Wehrmacht Heer) was steadily advancing through the Soviet Union and there were few ways for the Allies to get desperately needed American Lend-Lease supplies to the Soviets.

With increasing German submarine attacks, as well as heavy ice floes and the coastal ice cap fast rendering convoys to Arkhangelsk impossible, the Trans-Iranian Railway seemed a very attractive route to transport supplies up from the Persian Gulf. The two Allied nations applied pressure on Iran and the Shah but this led only to increased tensions and pro-German rallies in the capital of Tehran. Reza Shah refused to expel the many German nationals residing in Iran, and denied the use of the railway to the Allies; this, along with the above strategic concerns, prompted Britain and the Soviet Union to launch an invasion of Iran on August 25, 1941.


Iranian Azerbaijan is generally considered the northwest portion of Iran compromising the provinces of Zanjan, East Azerbaijan, West Azerbaijan and Ardabil. It shares borders with the Republic of Azerbaijan,[11] Armenia, Turkey, and Iraq and a population of about 10 million. Azerbaijan is famous for its great natural beauty. There are 17 rivers and two lakes in the region. Cotton, nuts, textiles, tea, machinery and electrical equipments are main industries. The northern, alpine region, which includes Lake Urmia, is mountainous, with deep valleys and fertile lowlands.

The region is bounded in the north by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan and in the West by Lake Urmia and Kurdish-inhabited areas of Iran, and in the East by the Talyshstan and Gilan

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خدمات فرقه دمکرات به آذربایجان فراموش نشدنی است


پیشه وری  یکی از فداکارترین مبارزان جنبش مشروطه  بود و خدمات او به پیشبرد دمکراسی در ایران از طریق روزنامه نگاری و نویسندگی در حد اعلی است. فرقه دمکرات و اعضا فداکار آن همچون دکتر جهانشاهلو  هدفی جز  طرقی ایران و اعتلای آذربایجان نداشتند. این سیاستهای نازی گرای رضا خان بود که ایران را در کنار یکی از نژادپرست ترین و فاشیست ترین رژیمهای دنیا قرار داد.

. آذربایجانیها به دنبال تجزیه نیستند و فقط خواهان برسمیت شناخته شدن زبان ترکی ، توجه به اقتصاد آذربایجان و اشاعه فرهنگشان درآذربایجان هستند.ـ البته مهر تجزیه طلبی زدن و ممانعت از استماع نتیجه ای جز احساس دوری و بیگانه گی نخواهد داشت.ـ


Sargord Pirouz, Nice

by Arthimis on

Sargord Pirouz,

Nice photo of ... in your link , What was your Great- Grandfather's name? (Seriously).

Thank you.

Sargord Pirouz

I've seen this film. Not

by Sargord Pirouz on

I've seen this film. Not very interesting, even from a propaganda perspective.

My great-grandfather was a patriotic Azeri-Iranian statesman from Tabriz. He was minister five times, speaker of the Majlis and a principal writer of the 1906 Constitution. Here's a photo:


(I'm currently in the middle of working on a brief biography.) 


Shazde Asdola Mirza

جناب کدیور: بلاگ زیبایی نوشتید

Shazde Asdola Mirza

نجات آذربایجان و کردستان از دست روس ها، یکی‌ از مهمترین خدمات شاه بود.

گمان نمیکنم که در آن هنگام آذربایجان چند قسمت بود (شرقی، غربی و اردبیل)، چنان که در نقشه شما نشان داده شده.


Amazing blog DK

by benross on

Thank you very much.

Ervand Abrahamian has an interesting account of his side of the story as well. I recommend it.

I'm glad they didn't get a chance to change the script of Azari language in Iran. They didn't get a chance to abolish 'Zoorkhané' either!


Pishaveri a Hero?

by capt_ayhab on

No true Iranian Azeri patriot, myself included will ever consider a separatist like Pishaveri who would rather see Iran torn to piece for his political gain a hero.



مرسی داریوش


حالا به این "ملی مذهبی" ها حالی کن که چطور همیشه گول وطنفروشان دست جپی را در طول تاریخ خورده اند 

حزب توده تنها حزب کمونیست خارجی بود که تحت کنترل مستقیم "بریا" جلاد استالین بود

Red Wine

Socialism is the Big Lie of the XX century

by Red Wine on

Thank you Darius jan for this.

Have a nice Sunday my dear friend :=). .



by comrade on