How Genuinely Democratic and Representative was the Parliament in Pahlavi Iran ?


How Genuinely Democratic and Representative was the Parliament in Pahlavi Iran ?
by Darius Kadivar

TV Host Ali Limounati interviews former veteran Journalist Mustapha Alamouti who was also MP of the Iranian Parliament during the Pahlavi Dynasty. Discussion centers on the Genuine Powers of the Parliament eversince the Constitutional Revolution.

Part I:

Part II:




The Shah's Speech:

The Shah acknowledges the Voice of Revolution whilst refusing to abdicate he pledges to Respect the Constitution to the Letter
Once Calme and Order are restored.

The Last Prime Minister:

Shahpour Bakhtiar gives his last public interview as Prime Minister prior to Khomeiny's Arrival.

Bakhtiar Demonstrations in support of the Constitution of 1906 (1979):

Iranians vote in National Referandum for a new Islamic Constitution:


RESTORATION ? If So on what Grounds
and Conditions can a New Social Contract 
emerge in a Post IRI Iran between
the governing body and the People ?



Bakhtiar in his last public appearance two years before his assassination advocates REGIME CHANGE based on RESTORATION of the 1906 Constitution:

Crown Prince Reza's message on the Anniversary of the 1906 Constitutional Revolution in Iran:

Related Pictory:

pictory: Bakhtiar Denounces Bazargan's Provisionary Government in exile(1979)
 (Video Footage)


Other Related Pictory:

PARLIAMENTARY DEMOCRACY: Mozaffaredin Shah Signs First Draft of the Constitution (1906)

PARLIAMENTARY DEMOCRACY: First Public Gathering of the Iranian Majlis (1906)

PARLIAMENTARY DEMOCRACY: Shah Delivers Speech to Parliament (1951)

Related Blogs:

ROYAL FORUM: Explaining the Concept of a Constitutional Monarchy to a Staunch Republican

How Truly Democratic And Stable Is The British Monarchy?

CONSTITUTIONALIST FORUM: Daryoush Homayoun Political and Journalistic life Honored in Germany

Other Related Blogs:

HISTORY FORUM: Nader Naderpour on Iran's Constitutional Revolution and European Rennaissance (1996)

THE PAST IS A FOREIGN COUNTRY: How Would You Evaluate Iran's Democracy Index in 1953 ?

Political Pluralism and Freedom of Press in Pahlavi Iran

PAN IRANIST: Pezeshkpour objects to Shah's decision on Bahrain Independence (1971)

RESTORATION: Shapour Bakhtiar advocates Restoring the Monarchy


more from Darius Kadivar
Darius Kadivar

11mashty 'salesmanship' ? Honey The Monarchy is Not for Sale

by Darius Kadivar on

But Perhaps your Cheap Republic is ...

SATIRE: The Burqa Republic of Our IRANICAN Dreams ;0)

But Kidding aside Thank you for proving my point and that is that You Don't read or listen to what is being said here.

In the absence of SKYPE I am afraid I cannot answer you in any other way.

But don't expect me to apologize for being resourceful by referring you to blogs which if anything testify to the fact that I have at least given a thought to all the questions you and your like minds keep bringing up Over and over again only to pretend that it's the first time you have heard the answer.


Where did You see me say that Republicanism is a Failure in France ? Or that Republicanism as a form of government was a bad concept per se


I merely claimed Revolution as advocated by the '79 generation was not the answer to Iran's ills all the more that they were totally ignorant about what they were advocating ...


HISTORY FORUM: Bahram Moshiri's Take on The French Revolution and Why He Misses The Point ;0)


For Your Information Holland was a Republic centuries prior to France yet it chose to establish a Monarchy subsequently:


ROYALTY: Holland Greets Shah of Iran with Pomp and Circumstance (1959)


and one which like many others in Europe ranks regularly at the Top of the Democracy Index above most Republics:


World'sTop Democratic Governments: Economist Intelligence Unit's Democracy Index 2010


But maybe you think Iranians are not capable of understanding what the millions of British, Swedes, Benelux, Spanish or Norwegians do ?


Well Sorry to disappoint you but I think They CAN !


RESTORATION: Shapour Bakhtiar advocates Restoring the Monarchy 


And quite frankly I don't think I am alone ...


So Honey ... No need to worry about my readership ... Trust me they are far more numerous, curious and openminded than you think ! 





Dear DK

by 11mashty on

I guess I should know better than to disagree with someone, even partially, as entrenched as yourself.  Perhaps if your own writing was more coherent, to the point and free of 'salesmanship'; then more folks might read and understand your writing.  You are correct that you never asserted Iran was a democracy during the monarchy period.  However, having a paper constitution does NOT make for a constitutional monarchy.  And yes European monarchies did take a long time to become constitutional monarchies; however some also changed to very successful republics.  I would find it hard to believe you would call the French Republic a failure?

But I disgressed and this is my last comment.

Darius Kadivar

I fail to see where is the Revisionism ? ...

by Darius Kadivar on

It seems you failed to notice that the title of this blog is a Question not a Statement.

To claim that Iran had a Constitutional Monarchy in that it had a Constitution is a Fact.

Where did you see me or the videos presented claim that Iran was a democracy for that matter or the the Iranian Monarchs respected the Constitution to the letter ? 

I am not even sure you folks truly understand democracy or the evolution of democratic thought nor ever did.

Do you think Europe's Monarchies became Democratic Overnight ? ...


ROYAL FORUM: Explaining the Concept of a Constitutional Monarchy to a Staunch Republican 


You automatically dismiss that right to Constitutionalists who envision such a future for Iran but consider yourself qualified to suggest a Republic without ever feeling accountable for the miseries you have imposed on two generation of Iranians:


SARBAZ: Fereidoun Farrokhzad helps child soldiers of Iran Iraq War



HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: IRI's Reign of Terror Begins (BBC Report 1979)



but continue to demand accountability from us ? ...


ROYAL ACCOUNTABILITY: Crown Prince Reza Praises Mossadegh's Patriotism (ANDISHEH TV)

ROYAL ACCOUNTABILITY: Crown Prince Reza on Torture During His Father's Rule


For Your information The Journalist Limonadi is Not even a Constitutional Monarchist.

I am ! ...


But to my knowledge having an Opinion is not against the law except in Iran and at Gun Point:


Mohammad Reza Ali Zamani, and Arash Rahmanipour, members of "Anjoman-e Padeshahi-eIran exectuted after forced televised confessions to terrorist activities

On the other hand if you claim Iran was never a Democracy then what claim do you have as to the so called democratically elected Prime Minister of Yours you keep presenting as a martyr whenever it suits you ? ...

THE PAST IS A FOREIGN COUNTRY: How Would You Evaluate Iran's Democracy Index in 1953 ?

YES, PRIME MINISTER: A Step By Step Guide To Mossadegh's Premiership and the Coup of '53 ...

If so then I don't see what makes You folks any more legitimate in your claims that the current Theocracy (which you or your parents wholeheartedly supported) is neither a Republic nor is it Islamic ?

We are Not Responsible for YOUR Poor Choice:

Khomeiny’s Hichi


Be it Yesterday:

Footage of the 1979 referendum of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Or Today:


FED UP WITH POLITICAL CORRECTNESS: Ahmadinejad is NOT my Prime Minister !

SATIRE: I voted ;0)


The bottom line is that you folks probably suffer more from personal insecurities which trigger your recurrent Pavlovian outbursts without ever even bothering to read or watch what is posted. You fail to challenge anyone who disagrees with you with coherent counter arguments but instead like parrots repeat the same inherited baseless SHOARS 32 years on :


SOURCES OF FURY:Nader Naderpour on origins of IRI's "Death Slogans" towards US and Israel


Unlike Science There is No Absolute Truth in History No more than in Politics ...

Nothing is entirely Black and nothing is entirely White there is always shadows of grey including when it comes to people defending the current regime and Constitution I happen to be opposed to:



Khatami, Democracy, &Islamic Republic


But the minimum requirement before criticizing or bashing someone or a given ideology you happen to disagree with is to listen to what they have to say even if one may disagrees with them. 



History is not a battle between Good or Evil but between What is Considered a Right Choice and What is Considered as a Wrong one at a given juncture in a given society's evolution.


Your Choice was Wrong in 79, it seems to be misled in 2011 :


How YOUR "Green" Color Was Chosen & By WHOME !

You have a better Idea ? Be My Guest Go Ahead ...

Abbott And Costello 13 X 7 is 28


But Step Down from Your High Horse and Spare Us your Moralistic Stance behind Your Own Anonymous Coward Stance when Preaching others who are in the eye of the storm and despite their imperfections at worst have the courage of their convictions.

That you disagree with them or their constituency is one thing. But nothing entitles you to dictate what we should think ...


For When it comes to Tolerance :


BOOK: EVEN AFTER ALL THIS TIME By Afschineh Latifi ( A Memoir )

We have No Lesson to Receive on this Front from You Folks:



HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Man Chased by Anti Shah Protestors During Shah's US Visit (1977)

pictory:(FOR REFERENDUM BASHERS) Women Punched in Face by Revolutionaries





Darius Kadivar

Anglophile and Maryam Jaan

by Darius Kadivar on

Thank you for your feedbacks !





by Rostam on

Impeach RP. He has been a disastrous failure as the king of Iran. He is a coward and has no talents to lead. He is "bigh" from the root. He is just another "Ahamd Shah" with an education, nothing more.

ANYONE from Pahlavi familiy who replaces him would do a better job than this coward worthless prince.

While you are at it, impeach Monarchy with him too. What a failed system.


No Revisionism Please!

by 11mashty on

While our country and its population has been living and dying under a murderous regime cloaked in religion for over 32 years now; let's not revise the history of pre-1979 either.  Irani's monarchy always was an 'absolute' monarchy, meaning a dictatorship.  Iran never did have what is commonly understood as 'Contitutional Monarchy'.  Just because the regime of the time says it is 'democratic or representative' does not make it so.  The sooner we all get on the same page with the TRUTH, the sooner we will be able to bring the same to our country.  No revisionism please.............

Maryam Hojjat

Thanks, DK

by Maryam Hojjat on

Great videos.  Iran has had always tumultuous events in its history.

May GOD protect IRAN from enemies & LIES.


Alamooti: From Mossadegh to Eghbal - two opposite poles

by anglophile on

One thing sure about Mostaf Almooti is that he changes side fairly easily. One day he is Mossadegh's brother in arms and against the Shah (see many pictures with Almooti griping Mossadegh's arm and standing side by side in other snaps) and next day he is Eghbal's deputy and supporting the Shah (bottom of the page in Eghbal's cabinet).

Take his words with a lot of salt.