37 DAYS : A Cautionary Tale that Should Not be Forgotten


37 DAYS : A Cautionary Tale that Should Not be Forgotten
by Darius Kadivar

The Shah left Iran for exile in mid-January 1979, creating a power vacuum. The royal regime collapsed shortly after on February 11th as Shapour Bakhtiar's Government struggled to survive.

Demonstrations against the Shahbegan in January 1978. Between August and December 1978 strikes and demonstrations paralyzed the country. The Shah left Iran for exile in mid-January 1979, and in the resulting power vacuum two weeks later Ayatollah Khomeini returned to Tehran to a greeting byseveral million Iranians. The royal regime collapsed shortly after on February 11th when guerrillas and rebel troops overwhelmed troops loyal to the Shah in armed street fighting.Iran voted by national referendum to become an Islamic Republic on April 1, 1979, and to approve a new theocratic constitution where by Khomeini became Supreme Leader of the country, in December 1979.

Part of a Documentary on Revolution depicts Shah’s Departure :




37 Days : A Cautionary Tale that Should Not be Forgotten





Recommended Reading:

37 days: Acautionary tale that must not be forgotten by Cyrus KADIVAR

Recommended Watching:

Abbas Milani on Sadighi's Missed Opportunity and Bakhtiar's Premiership

Shapour Bakhtiar’s Last Interview as Prime Minister:

The Revolution Through the Eyes of Shahpour Bakhtiar, the Last Prime
Minister of Imperial Iran:

Part I :

Part II :


The March of History



Shah of Iran to Mike WallaceTalking About His Popularity Among the Iranians mid 1970’s:

Shah Leaves the Country on 16th, 1979:

This is a clip from a documentary titled"Crisis in Iran" by the History Channel with Mike Wallace

Iranian State Radio announces Shah’sDeparture :


Population Cheer Victoryover Shah’s Departure :

Shapour Bakhtiar the NewAppointed Prime Minister Denounces Mehdi Bazargan and Khomeiny’s Government inExile :

This is part of a Frenchdocumentary from 2001 on the Iranian Revolution of 1979.




Khomeiny Arrives :


Iranians vote by national referendum to see Iran become an Islamic Republic on April 1, 1979:




Disillusionment Begins




March 8, 1979 Iranian Women March Against Hijab andIslamic Laws :

PartI :


Part II :


Another Summary of this Woman’s March:


Night of theGenerals :

Shah’s Generals Rahimi ( Militarygoverner of Tehran) and Nassiri ( Head of SAVAK, the Shah’s secret Police)Televised Interrogation by Ibrahim Yazdi sealed his fate as well as that ofother’s executed shortly after an arbitrary and quick trial 


SAVAK headquarters seized by Revolutionaries :


1979 radio broadcast: execution of Nasiri, Rahimi,Naji & Khosrowdad :


Shah’s Generals executed :


Khalkhali the Hanging Judge :


French Journalist Christine Okrente défends herself on French TV against accusations over her controversial interview of Hoveyda :



The Sacrificed Generation




Sokoot by Golshifteh Farahani:


Hamrazmanam by Fereydoun Farrokhzad:

Shahab Hosseini - Shahzadeye Royayeh Man:



Related Blogs :

pictory: Bakhtiar Denounces Bazargan's Provisionary Government in exile (1979)

Mehdi Bazargan and the controversial legacy of Iran's Islamic intellectual movement

HISTORY FORUM:Mashallah Ajoudani on Intellectuals and the Revolution 



POINT OF NO RETURN: Russian Revolution's Bloody Sunday and Iran's Black Friday

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: IRI's Reign of Terror Begins (BBC Report 1979)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Man Chased by Anti Shah Protestors During Shah's US Visit (1977) 


HISTORY OF VIOLENCE:Chemical Weapons Attack On Kurds (1988)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: First Assassination Attempt on Shapour Bakhtiar (1980)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE:US Shoots Down Civilian Iran Air Flight 655 (1988)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE:Iraq Chemical Weapons used against Iran (1984)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: MKO Highjack Boeing 747 with 200 hostages (1983)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Vendetta Against Anglican Bishop in Iran (1980)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Man Arrested For Being a SAVAK Agent (1979)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Shah's Generals Executed and Imperial Army Disintegrated (1979)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Manoucher AZEMOUN at Revolutionary court (1979)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Amir Abbas Entezam Chained to Hospital Bed (1990's)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Hadi Ghaffari executioner of Amir Abbas Hoveyda (1979)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Pulitzer Prize Photo of Rebels Executed by Iran's Revolutionaries(1979)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Shah of Iran wounded after Assassination Attempt (1949)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Rafsanjani speaks to Press from Hospital (1980)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Ahmad Kasravi and secretary assassinated (1946)

HISTORY OF VIOLENCE: Prince Shahryar Shafiq (1945-1979) 

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