Azerbaijan People's Government (Dec. 1945 - Dec. 1946)

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Azerbaijan People's Government (Dec. 1945 - Dec. 1946)
by Savalan
19-Dec-2010
 


Since the establishment of the Pahlavi dynasty, racism in Iran has hurt significantly the economic and social well being of Azerbaijani Turks. Following the end of the World War II in 1945 when the representatives of Azerbaijani Turks from various groups and classes were gathered in Tabriz, the “Azerbaijan People's Government” was established in South Azerbaijan (Iranian Azerbaijan) and took power from the central government. 

Turkish (Türki) became the official language in Azerbaijan, taught in university, schools, and adult education centers, replacing Farsi. For the first time in Iran, women gained the right to elect as well as to be elected and many democratic laws in favor of gender equality were passed. Roads were built and many economic reforms carried out, the magnitude and speed of implementation of which compared even to today was astonishing. 

It also marked the first time universal suffrage was introduced to Muslim Middle East. Women gained the right to elect as well as to be elected. It announced that private property would be respected but that the government would distribute to the landless farmers the state-owned lands as well as the lands of property owners who fled Azerbaijan. The first provincial university in Iran was also built in Tabriz, with thousands of schools built in small towns and villages where compulsory education for children began age six. 

The Azerbaijan’s People’s Government lasted only one year and was overthrown when the central army, with the Soviet Union and other great powers’ blessing, invaded in December 1946. 

An American jurist, William O. Douglas, who was traveling in Azerbaijan shortly after thedemocratic movement, in his books Strange Lands and Friendly People notes: 

When the Persian Army returned to Azerbaijan, it came with a roar. Soldiers ran riot, looting and plundering, taking what they wanted. The Russian Army had been on its best behaviour. The Persian Army--the army of emancipation--was a savage army of occupation. It left a brutal mark on the people. The beards of peasants were burned, their wives and daughters raped. Houses were plundered; livestock was stolen. The Army was out of control. Its mission had been liberation, but it preyed on the civilians, leaving death and destruction behind. (Douglas, 1951, p. 45) 

http://www.amazon.com/Strange-Friendly-People-William-Douglas/dp/1406772046 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_O._Douglas 

Idea@s Magazine (Arts & science community of the University of Toronto): 

“In the mid-1940s, when the autonomous government in Iran was overthrown, Turkish was banned and Persian was instated as the official language. I was 11 and my family was living in Tabriz at the time,” recalls Reza Baraheni. “I wrote a school paper in Azeri, a Turkish dialect that was the mother tongue of the local population, after it was forbidden. When I put it up on the board, the prefect tore it down, grabbed me by the neck and forced me to lick it. The other pupils started laughing. I would come to realize that the repression of writing and language—of the tongue passed down by women—could turn language naturally into a hidden fount wielding enormous power. http://www.ideasmag.artsci.utoronto.ca/issue2_1/idea_s02-profile-baraheni.pdf     For more information: 

Iran and the Challenge of Diversity: Islamic Fundamentalism, Aryanist Racism, and Democratic Struggles (Dr. Alireza Asgharzadeh) 
http://www.amazon.com/Iran-Challenge-Diversity-Fundamentalism-Democratic/dp/1403980802 

Strange Lands And Friendly People (William O. Douglas) 
http://www.amazon.com/Strange-Friendly-People-William-Douglas/dp/1406772046 

At the Dawn of the Cold War: The Soviet-American Crisis over Iranian Azerbaijan, 1941D1946 - Harvard Cold War Studies Books (Dr. Jamil Hasanli) 
http://www.amazon.com/Dawn-Cold-War-Soviet-American-Azerbaijan/dp/0742540553/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1292027907&sr=1-1     Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a3xSyWS6sR0 

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Sargord Pirouz

This is such BS. I'm a

by Sargord Pirouz on

This is such BS. I'm a direct descendant of the greatest Azari-Iranian leader of the 20th century (writer of the 1906 Constitution) and I can tell you that our family doesn't support this separatist view not one iota. 

Go peddle your anti-Iran screed alongside the other anti-Iran malcontents among the diaspora.Oh, I forgot--you're at the right place for that kind of thing.


Farah Rusta

Interesting!

by Farah Rusta on

So let me see if I got it right. According to you:

 

  • Pishevari and his so called government were not Soviet installed puppets
  • they did not kill or execute thousands of people of Azeri decent in Azerbaijan
  •  they did not flee to soviet union 
  • many of them were not killed, executed or sent to concentration camps by Uncle Joe.
  • Azeri born children in Soviet Azerbaijan speak Azeris better than Russian!!
  • and Reza Barahnani (in whose wedding I remember Hoveyda took part) is not the man these links are talking about:
 http://azargoshnasp.net/Pasokhbehanirani/pasokhbehberahani.htm    http://it-it.facebook.com/note.php?note_id=335555477309    Am I right?     

 

 

FR


SamSamIIII

Mr Salavat

by SamSamIIII on

 

Lets not go there ;) kin rah ke to miravi beh torkestan asst. Lets not open the old wounds ;

Since Bedoine's complete ethno-cultural genocide of Eran-shahr the majority Medeo-Persian populace of this land for the last 1400 yrs except in 50 yrs of Pahlavi & Zand has been ruled directly by Arab khallifates for 500 yrs and by various Turkish ilkhanates from the likes of Ghaznavids & Seljuks to Safavid & Ghajars for 850 yrs.

For nine centuries this so called racist Medeo-Persian majority stood by, served & sincerely tolerated Turkish rule, presence & ever expanding socio-lingual extension YET you Pan-Turks could not stand/handle 50 yrs of Medeo-Persian rule and had to side with devils such as Soviets, mullahs or Arab shaikhs to kill it outta your unadunlterated  hatred for your immortal enemy the all bad & evil Fars Dusman. & that says it all about your tolerance for diversity among your compatriots.

As for raping or looting Azarbaijan it is suffice to say that I have an eye witness young officer , my old man, who begs to differ with your account of the events.

Racism is done by those who degrade, minimize or distort the Aryeo-Kiaani heritage of the Medeo-Persian ethnic group within Iranian rainbow by terms such as made-up, barbarian Fars or Aryan dogs and yet expect respect in return & cry wolf like buncha whiners that they are.

Lets build on celebrating diversity & respect for all Medeo-Persian-Turko-Semitic ethnicities under one flag in which the Kiaani state shall have trilingual national language system of Parsi-Farsi-Azari to reflect the wishes of the major ethnic groups(Arabic being represented in Farsi already).

Cheers!!!

& btw, look what these chauvenist Persians doing to their own heritage where King Shahpour's legacy site is where Cows & Goats take a dump and addicts die injecting drugs over bonefires:

http://www.centralclubs.com/topic-t60954.html

 

 

Path of Kiaan Resurrection of True Iran Hoisting Drafshe Kaviaan http://iranianidentity.blogspot.com http://www.youtube.com/user/samsamsia