Further down the hill, a Roman stadium is left half uncovered in the center of town so as not to unduly encroach on its two neighbors which were themselves monuments to different eras of the history of Plovdiv: a statue of Philip the Macedonia king who ruled here in 4 th Century BC, standing as tall as the diamond-patterned minaret of the 15 th Century Dzhumaya (Community) Mosque of the Ottoman rulers next to it.

Photo essay: Bulgaria's intriguing religious paradox