About the author
Hasan Javadi was born in Tabriz, Iran, where he received his early education. He began his study of English literature at the University of Tabriz and continued it at Cambridge University, where he received his Ph.D. in 1964. He then returned to Iran and joined the departments of English and Persian literature at the University of Tehran, serving as chairman of the English department for four years. Dr. Javadi Also taught Persian literature at the University of California, Berkeley. He currently teaches Middle Eastern literature at George Washington University and owns Jahan Books. His previous publications include "Letters from Tabriz" (1971) and "Persian Influence on English Literature" (1983), as well as numerous translations from and into Persian. The following is a chapter from "Satire in Persian Literature" (1988). The Persian translation will be published in the near future.